Everyone has experienced toothache a few times. Sometimes, it is a temporary issue that goes away with simple remedies. At other times, there could be an underlying problem causing the toothache. Regardless, it is possible to treat toothache and prevent it as well.
In this article, we will discuss what can cause and how to treat a toothache.
For many people, tooth decay is the primary cause of toothache. The plaque and tartar build-up produces certain acids, which gradually destroy the enamel of the teeth. Usually, the first sign of tooth decay is the sensation of pain as the tooth is exposed to sweet edibles or extreme temperatures. Some people might see decay on their teeth in the form of a white or brown spot.
There are several other causes for tooth pain:
- Infection or inflammation in the tooth’s root or the gum
- Injury to the tooth
- Accumulation of food between the teeth, especially for those who have gaps
- A split in the tooth over time
- Teeth coming in (erupting) from the gums but not having enough space in the mouth
- A sinus infection
What to do for a Toothache?
In some cases, it is possible to treat a toothache at home. If for some reason, you have a persistent toothache but cannot go to the dentist, there are ways to soothe the ache before you can have a proper appointment.
At home, you can try the following for toothache treatment:
- Apply a cold compress to the side of the face where the pain originates. Apply it for 20 minutes at a time. The cold compress blunts the pain and alleviates swelling
- You can apply a hot pack to the affected side of the face. You can make one by filling a clean sock with rice, tying it up, and placing it in the microwave for a couple of minutes. The heat can interrupt the pain signals and prevent them from reaching the brain
- Garlic is known for its medicinal properties. It can kill harmful bacteria and work as a pain reliever. For relieving tooth pain, crush a clove of garlic into a sticky paste and apply it to the affected area. You can also chew on a clove of fresh garlic and then spit it out later
- Certain types of mouthwashes can help relieve toothache, but it depends on the type of tooth pain you are suffering from. Some mouthwashes contain desensitizing ingredients that numb the pain temporarily. Some toothpaste can do the same
It is highly recommended that you do not take any medicine or apply medicinal creams/gels without consulting your dentist.
When to Seek Professional Treatment for Toothache?
If your pain is severe or has persisted for more than a day or two, you have a fever, there are symptoms of infection (swelling, red gums, pain while biting, or bad-tasting discharge), or you feel difficulty while breathing or swallowing, then you must go to your dentist immediately.