Dentistry is a broad field that encompasses various specialties, each focusing on specific aspects of oral health and dental care. These specialized areas of dentistry ensure that patients receive the most effective and comprehensive treatment for their specific needs. In this article, we will delve into six primary types of dentists, shedding light on their distinct roles and expertise within the dental profession.

General Dentists

General dentists are often referred to as family dentists because they provide comprehensive dental care to patients of all ages. They are the first point of contact for routine dental check-ups, cleanings, and basic oral health maintenance. General dentists diagnose and treat common dental issues, such as cavities, gum disease, and toothaches. They also educate patients on proper oral hygiene practices and may refer patients to specialists when needed.


Orthodontists specialize in the alignment of teeth and the correction of bite issues. They are experts in diagnosing and treating conditions like malocclusions (misaligned bites), crowded or crooked teeth, and jaw irregularities. Orthodontists commonly use braces, aligners, and other orthodontic appliances to achieve proper tooth alignment and improve a patient’s bite. Achieving a straighter smile and a healthier bite are the primary goals of orthodontic treatment.

Oral Surgeons

Oral surgeons, also known as oral and maxillofacial surgeons, are highly trained specialists who perform surgical procedures involving the mouth, jaw, and face. They can extract impacted wisdom teeth, treat facial trauma injuries, perform corrective jaw surgery, and even manage complex dental implant procedures. Oral surgeons are essential for patients requiring surgical interventions beyond routine dental care.


Endodontists focus on the treatment of the innermost part of the tooth, known as the pulp. They specialize in root canal therapy, which involves the removal of infected or damaged pulp to save a severely decayed or infected tooth. Endodontists use advanced techniques and technology to perform root canals efficiently and effectively, relieving patients of tooth pain and preserving natural teeth.


Periodontists specialize in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of gum diseases and conditions that affect the supporting structures of the teeth, such as the gums and bones. They perform procedures like scaling and root planing (deep cleaning) to manage gum disease, as well as surgical treatments for advanced cases. Periodontists also offer cosmetic gum procedures to enhance the appearance of the gumline.

Pediatric Dentists

Pediatric dentists, or pedodontists, are dedicated to providing dental care to children and adolescents. They have specialized training in addressing the unique dental needs and concerns of young patients. Pediatric dentists create a child-friendly and comfortable environment to ensure that children receive essential dental care and develop positive oral hygiene habits from an early age.


Dentistry is a multifaceted field with various types of dentists, each specializing in different aspects of oral health and dental care. General dentists serve as the primary providers of routine dental care, while orthodontists focus on tooth alignment and bite correction. Oral surgeons perform surgical procedures, endodontists handle root canal therapy, periodontists manage gum health, and pediatric dentists cater to the dental needs of children and adolescents.

If you are in Seattle, you can contact Sue Vetter DDS to consult with any type of the aforementioned dentists. Here you can find the best dentist Seattle WA to get proper treatment for any dental disorder.